Concentrated cannabis oil has been evolving rapidly over the years but the basic process remains the same. Its creation involves the use of a solvent to extract the cannabinoids from the plant material. This is usually done using Butane (BHO), CO2 or alcohol. After extraction, the material is processed according to the final product desired.
Types of oil
Shatter – One of the purest forms of oil made from the butane oil extraction method. This method can be very dangerous and not recommend for anyone but the most experienced professionals. Shatter can be very clear, almost glass-like in appearance. It gets its name from the fact that it “shatters” like glass instead of bending or crumbling. The product can be very potent but not especially rich in flavor.
Sugar Wax (Sauce) – Similar to shatter with a more wax-like consistency. Small crystals are suspended within a sticky, watery, terpene sauce. Know for its aroma and flavor, sauce is quickly becoming a local Portland favorite.
Budder – A sort of cross between shatter and wax made using the popular butane extraction process. The consistency makes it easier to handle than shatter, great for novice dabbers. If you’ve ever went in for a dab of shatter only to have it scatter all over the room, you know what I’m talking about!
Crumble – Is very similar to budder with a dryer texture. The name gives away the consistency. All it takes is a simple tap to break crumble into dust.
Live Resin – Fresh frozen buds are kept in a freezer until ready for extraction. Since the plant contains all the original terpenes the product is very rich in flavor and aroma. The finest oils available today are all made using the live resin process.
Instead of using a flammable solvent like butane, extractors run liquid CO2 through the cannabis to extract the cannabinoids. This process is great for vaporizer pens and edibles. One of the other advantages of CO2 is that it’s nontoxic and nonflammable. CO2 is safer to use and doesn’t contribute toward carbon emissions in our atmosphere.